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How has Title IX affected women?--->, FF Insider#87
March 19, 2010
Welcome Back,

Please enjoy another issue packed with evidence-based information about sports performance training and news about current events at Finish First Sports Performance. If you find value in this e-newsletter, please forward this message to your teammates, coaches, or other parents of hard working athletes.

Inside this Issue:

1. Will participating in sports make a difference in a young female’s life?

2. ‘Countability’ Begins With Character

3. Hello Sun and Hello Vitamin D

4. NSCA PA Strength and Conditioning Clinic, April 10, 2010

5. The Finish First Sports Performance 'Total Performance Training for Youth Ice Hockey Clinic', April 24, 2010

6. Motivational Quotes

7. Miscellaneous News

Will participating in sports make a difference in a young female’s life?

By Emily E. Novitsky, BS, CSCS, Finish First Sports Performance Athletic Performance Specialist

Parents have been thinking and asking the question for years: “Will participating in sports make a difference in my young daughter’s life?” Educators and scientists have been asking: “If we get our youth involved early in sports, how will this action pay off in the long run?” What are the benefits of sports participation for young females? It seems that these questions have been especially popular since the Title IX act was instated in high schools, colleges, and universities across America in the 1970’s.

Recent research has shown that male and especially female athletes that participate in sports may have such benefits as better grades, more positive self-confidence, higher self-respect and improved overall health. This week, I will be discussing this recent published study by Betsy Stevenson. Thus the topic for this particular article will be how there is a positive correlation with female participation in sports as a positive activity in increasing a healthy and successful lifestyle.

In order to discuss the increase of participation of females in sports the first topic that must be addressed is the Title IX ct and why it was/is so important in improving a better lifestyle for our young females in the long run. The Title IX act was established in 1972-1978 as a civil rights movement act to have equal opportunities for female athletes. The act was instated to make sure that female athletes had the same opportunities that their male counterparts had when it came to sports/sports facilities in the public schools. The Title IX act was instated in every school nation-wide. The schools now had to have the same (or comparable) female rate of participation in sports as the males. The rate of female participation in high school sports before the instatement of Title IX was 1 out of 27 participated in sports. Immediately after Title IX was instated it became 1 out of 4 female athletes participated in sports. Currently it is now 1 out of every 3 females in high school participates in sports. The male counter parts have had a steady 1 out of 2 males participate in sports since before and after the creation of Title IX. Hence the importance of Title IX act to this article is that if it wasn’t for this act there would not have been an opportunity for millions of females to better their lives through sports.

Consequently until Ms. Stevenson’s research (published earlier this year) there has been a minimal amount of research proving that sports alone can help improve the female athlete’s likelihood of success in life. The previous notion of the successful athlete was due to the type or nature of athlete that gets involved in sports. This means that the original research thought that most athletes were more likely to participate in sports due to their personality alone. However Ms. Stevenson has proven otherwise. For that reason we come to Ms. Stevenson’s most recent research on female athletes and the effects of the Title IX act. She has found that by breaking down the statistics of sports’ level playing field by each state rather than a national statistic, your are better able to thoroughly see the relationship betweena female athlete’s success in attending college and obtaining a skillful job.

Female athletes that participated in athletics in high school due to the Title IX act alone were more likely to further their education and obtain a stable job rather than the females who did not participate in sports in general. Upon completion of this highly detailed the research there is a clear correlation between girls’ involvement in sports and future success in life. Without this research there would still be the notion that personality type alone predisposed athletes for success and not the action of actively participating in sports. You are in control of how successful you will be so why not start on the right footand take a step in the right direction by playing sports.

In closing I would encourage all parents to get their young female and male students involved in sports. Not only will this help the athletes in learning how to work with others, increase self-esteem, and help overall health, but this also helps are prepare your child(ren) to be successful in life. I hope you found this article interesting--that being a male and especially a female athlete can help you in more ways than one. On that note I would like to leave you with a wonderful quote by Betsy Stevenson:

“It’s not just that the people who are going to do well in life play sports, but that sports help people do better in life.”

If you have any additional questions please feel free to contact Emily or Jeremy at or call us at 412-787-5070.

‘Countability’ Begins With Character

By Coach J. Hoy, MS, CSCS, PES, NASE Cert., USAW, Jump Stretch, Inc. Certified

In his book, ‘The 17 Indisputable Laws of Teamwork,” Dr. John C., Maxwell discusses the tools needed to build (or rebuild) and maintain a successful team. One of the laws, The Law of Countability states that Character + Competence + Commitment + Consistency + Cohesion = Countability. Using this equation, countability (or accountability) begins with character.

So, what is character? Some experts say that character is moral excellence and firmness. Others define it as the inherent complex of attributes that determines a person’s moral and ethical actions and reactions. It has often been said that character is who you are and what you do when no one is looking (or watching). A person with poor character, then, would make poor moral and ethical decisions, leading them to be untrustworthy. A person of good character is trustworthy. Dr. Maxwell states “Character makes trust possible, and trust makes leadership possible…countability begins with character because it is based on trust, which is the foundation for all interaction with people. If you cannot trust someone, you will not count on him.” Teamwork and teambuilding depends on trust and character.

To build an effective team, it is important to begin with character building for the members of the team. Dr. Maxwell gives an example of how legendary football coach, Lou Holtz, began each new athlete in the character building process immediately. At the University of South Carolina, coach Holtz introduces all the players on the team to a list of 12 covenants at the beginning of the season to get them to understand the team culture he is trying to create. The 12 covenants are as follows (from page 123 of Dr. Maxwell’s book):

1. We will accomplish what we do together. We share our success, and we never let any one of us fail alone.

2. We are fully grown adults. We will act as such, and expect the same from the people around us.

3. We will not keep secrets. Information that affects us all will be shared by all of us and we will quickly and openly work to separate fact from fiction.

4. We will not lie to ourselves or each other. None of us will tolerate any of us doing so. We will depend on each other for the truth.

5. We will keep our word. We will say what we mean, and do what we say. We trust the word of others to be good as well.

6. We will keep our head. We will not panic in the face of tough times. We will always choose to roll up our sleeves rather than wring our hands.

7. We will develop our abilities and take pride in them. We will set our own standards higher than our most challenging opponent, and we will please our fans by pleasing ourselves.

8. We will treat our locker room like home and our teammates like friends. We spend too much time together to allow these things to go bad.

9. We will be unselfish and expect that everyone else will exhibit this same quality. We will care about each other without expectations.

10. We will look out for each other. We truly believe that we are our brother’s keeper.

11. We are students at USC, and as such we will strive to graduate. We take pride in our grade point average and expect our teammates to do the same.

12. Losing cannot and will not be tolerated in anything we do. Losing to us is shamed, embarrassed, and humiliated. There is no excuse for losing a football game at USC.

Notice how many of the covenants touch on the issue of character. Coach Holtz knew that the foundation for building a team must be to develop character in his young players. Understand that who you are affects everyone else on your team. You must ask yourself if you are trustworthy. Have you given your teammates and coach(es) reasons to see you as a trustworthy athlete? An athlete of good character? Don’t be the weak link on the team. Set the example and strive to finish first. Be an athlete of good character and trust, and exhibit qualities of a team player. If you are in a position where very few of your teammates are trustworthy or of good character, talk to your coach. Get the coach to create a culture of excellence, character, countability, and trust. Good luck and may you finish first!

Hello Sun and Hello Vitamin D

By: Heather R Mangieri, MS, RD, CSSD, LDN Finish First Sports Performance Nutrition Advisor

I spent the last three days in Philadelphia for an annual conference. I love the annual conference because I get to listen to other health care professionals display the results of their research and reviews on hot topics in nutrition. The best part was that I was blessed to be driving home in 60 degree weather with the sun shining brightly into my car. I rolled down my windows and imagined how the ultraviolet rays was penetrating through my skin and converting cutaneous 7-dehydrocholesterol to previtamin D3, which in turn would become vitamin D. How amazing and exciting. The best part was that I did not have to worry at all about getting enough Vitamin D that day through my diet. The sun was taking care of that for me.

Vitamin D is emerging as one of the most important vitamins in human health. Just to give you a little background, vitamin D is known as the sunshine vitamin. It is the only vitamin that we do not need to consume through food or supplements because our bodies can synthesize it through direct sunlight. Vitamin D is well known for helping the body absorb calcium (it is absolutely necessary for calcium absorption) and maintaining bone density, therefore playing a role in preventing osteoporosis. More recent research is showing vitamin D’s role in preventing certain cancers, heart disease, depression, muscle pain and weakness, multiple sclerosis, muscular strength, sarcopenia, stroke and the list goes on.

You would think, since we get vitamin D through sunlight, that deficiency would not be a problem. The reality is it is a huge problem. Vitamin D deficiencies are popping up all over the United States. There are many possible explanations for this new found issue. We know that we can synthesize vitamin D from the sun, however, not all sun exposure is the same and many different factors will affect how much we absorb it. The season, time of day, geography, latitude, level of air pollution, color of your skin, and your age all affect your skin's ability to produce vitamin D. Also, ultraviolet rays can’t penetrate windows in your car or house (and we have become prone to air conditions rather than having the windows down), clothing or clouds. Today, other factors are affecting how much vitamin D we get from the sun. Children and adults are spending more time inside playing video games, watching TV or simply avoiding the sun. Further, as a nation we have become obsessed with sunscreen and attempting to block all UV radiation from our skin. All of these factors have led to an increase in Vitamin D deficiency in the United States.

The current recommended intake for vitamin D is 400 IU (international units) per day. Many health care professional are recommending 1000 IU per day for at risk individuals. Vitamin D is not found naturally in many foods. Historically, we have relied on sunlight to prevent deficiency. Today, supplementation needs to be considered. Consumers should be aware that the form of Vitamin D found in most multivitamins is vitamin D3, which does not deliver the same amount of the vitamin to the body as the more desirable D3 form. The type of vitamin D through supplements, mixed with the amount through your diet, the amount of sunlight you are exposed to, and many, many other factors will demonstrate how much supplementation that you may need.

Bottom line Allow the sun to penetrate your skin for 15 minutes (the goal is not to let your skin burn), consume foods that contain vitamin D (fortified milk, salmon, tuna fish, eggs) and consider, if needed, supplementation. Lastly, remember that vitamin D is still considered the most toxic of all vitamins. You will not build up toxicity from the sun but you can from oral supplementation. Use caution. If you would like further guidance to determine your vitamin D needs, ask your doctor to have your vitamin D level checked and consider a nutritional consultation with a registered dietitian.

NSCA PA Strength and Conditioning Clinic 2010

On April 10, 2010, the National Strength and Conditioning Association will be hosting their annual clinic for coaches, trainers, and athletic administrators. The clinic will be in Warren, PA, and will offer classroom presentations and hands-on instructional sessions.

Finish First Sports Performance coach Jeremy Hoy will be presenting again this year at the clinic. He will be doing a hands-on session about alternative training methods such as using sleds and ropes to effectively produce results and help athletes win the battles in competition.

More information can be obtained by contacting Jeremy or for online registration Click Here.

Total Performance Training for Youth and High School Ice Hockey Clinic Spring 2010

The coaching staff at Finish First Sports Performance would like to announce the Total Performance Training for Youth and High School Ice Hockey Clinic, Spring 2010. The event is slated to be held on April 24th, at the Finish First Sports Performance world training headquarters (Pittsburgh, PA, USA). The details about the event are below, and are not set in stone, yet. These details will be finalized in the next 2-3 weeks, including price, time of day, and speakers/clinicians. Space is extremely limited, so if you are interested in attending, please let us know.

Some of the topics to be covered:

• Learn how to correctly prepare during the off-season

• Information specific to hockey players ages 8-18 (age appropriate training)

• Specific evaluations/assessments for detecting imbalances and weaknesses, including self-evaluations and assessments

• Dietary strategies for gaining weight, losing weight,or maintaining weight

• Training for power, speed, strength

• Plyometrics for ice hockey

• Conditioning for ice hockey (bikes vs running vs skating vs slideboard)

• Flexibility for ice hockey (static vs dynamic, when, why, band, partner, etc)

• Exercises for a harder, more accurate shot

• Goalie specific exercises on the slideboard

• Dynamic Vision Training Exercises (track the puck better)

• Samples of how to properly train to get ready for the next season (sample programs)

• Learn about proper nutrition, sleep, performance training, skating, stick-handling, mental focus, leadership, athletic development, etc.

Plus Hands-on demonstrations and experience

This is a must see clinic, and remember--space is extremely limited...we most likely will only have room for 20 people to attend.

If you are a parent or coach looking for the 'How-to's' of off-ice hockey training, then this is the clinic for you!

Youngstown Phantoms USHL Team

Finish First Sports Performance is pleased to announce that we are now the official training provider for the Youngstown Phantoms USHL team. We are looking forward to helping more high quality hockey players develop and work towards achieving their goals. To show your support, please check out the Youngstown Phantoms website, check their schedule, and attend a game!

Youngstown Phantoms

Motivational Quotes

"It is time for us all to stand and cheer for the doer, the achiever — the one who recognizes the challenge and does something about it. "
-- Vince Lombardi

"You don't drown by falling in water; you only drown if you stay there."
-- Zig Ziglar

"Achievement is largely the product of steadily raising one's levels of aspiration . . and expectation."
-- Jack Niklaus

"Competition is a by-product of productive work, not its goal. A creative man is motivated by the desire to achieve, not by the desire to beat others."
-- Ayn Raud

Thank You for Your Support

Thanks again for subscribing to this free e-newsletter. I hope you enjoy reading it as much as I enjoy writing it. I look forward to your feedback as I continue to research to bring you the most current scientific training information available.

Should you have any specific article requests or questions, email me at Please visit for detailed sports performance training information and programs offered exclusively by Finish First Sports Performance.

Yours In Training,

Coach Jeremy S. Hoy, CSCS, USAW, Jump Stretch, Inc. Certified,
Elite Performance Scientist

Finish First Sports Performance

For Finish First Insider backissues #1 - 29, click here

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